1) Pitaya(also called Dragon Fruit)
Dragon fruit is a beautiful fruit grown in Southeast Asia, Mexico, Central and South America and Israel. The plant is actually a type of cactus, and the fruit comes in 3 colors: 2 have pink skin, but with different colored flesh (one white, the other red), while another type is yellow with white flesh. Dragon fruit is low in calories and offers numerous nutrients, including Vitamin C, phosphorus, and calcium, plus fiber and antioxidants.
Rambutan is a hairy red fruit that looks more like something out of a fairy tale than anything grown in real life. But while rambutans may seem exotic to Westerners, they’re a common snack throughout Asia, and increasingly in Australia and in tropical countries in Central America. They’re also available in specialty produce stores around the U.S., and you can often find them in Chinatown produce stalls.
Sapodilla or sapota (chikoo) is another popular tropical fruit in line with mango, banana, jackfruit, etc. Sapota composes of soft, easily digestible pulp made of simple sugars like fructose and sucrose.
Sapota is a tropical evergreen, fruit-bearing tree belongs to the family of Sapotaceae, in the genus: Manilkara. Scientific name: Manilkara zapota.
Sapodilla is one of the high-calorie fruits; 100 g provides 83 calories (almost same as that of calories in sweet potato, and banana). Additionally, it is an excellent source of dietary fiber (5.6 g/100g), which makes it a good bulk laxative. This fiber content helps relieve constipation episodes and help protect mucosa of the colon from cancer-causing toxins.
Unique for its appearance and flavor, mangosteen is often revered as “the Queen” of tropical fruits, particularly in the South-East Asian regions. This exotic, round, purple color fruit is quite popular for its snow-white, juicy, delicious arils all of the Asian countries, and in recent years by the European and American fruit lovers as well!
Botanically, it is the fruit belonging to the family of Clusiaceae, of the genus: Garcinia. Scientific name: Garcinia mangostana. Known as “Mangkhud” in Thai, Thailand is the largest producer and exporter of mangosteens.
Mangosteen plant is an evergreen, upright tree reaching about 20- 60 ft in height. It commonly found in tropical rainforests of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines as well as in some cultivated orchards in Sri Lanka, and India, where annual precipitation and relative humidity are favorable for its growth. Fresh purple fruits can be available in the markets from June until October.
8) Custard Apple
Custard apples are a decadent and deliciously sweet sub-tropical fruit. The Australian custard apple is a hybrid of the sugar apple (Annona squamosa) and the cherimoya (Annona cherimola), and is unique to any other custard apples grown around the world. Originally native to South America, this luscious and flavoursome fruit has Australia as its largest commercial producer.
9) The rose Apple
Crisp and bursting with juice, rose apples are the perfect thirst quencher when you’re coming in from an intense workout, and a bit different than you might expect.
Wander around Southeast Asia’s markets and you’ll hear the word rose apple applied to at least four different fruits belonging to genus Syzygium. They’re all similar but distinct, and go by a lot of names on the local level. Whatever locals are calling them in their own language, however, when you ask them to translate they usually just say, “rose apple,” or some variation of that name.
10) Red Bananas
Red bananas are shorter, plumper and heartier than the average banana. It should only be eaten when ripe as an immature Red banana taste’s like a dry and chalky starch. When ripe, it will have a thick, brick red peel and ivory-hued semi soft flesh. Its flavor is sweet and creamy with raspberry highlights.
Red bananas are available year-round.
The Red banana has more beta carotene and Vitamin C than yellow banana varieties. All bananas contain three natural sources of sugar: sucrose, fructose, and glucose, making them a source of instant and sustainable energy.
11) The Physalis
Physalis scientifically known as Physalis peruviana is actually a tasty and helpful fruit. It is closely associated to the tomatillo as well as the Chinese lantern, also members of the genus Physalis. As it is a member of plant family Solanaceae, it is more related to a huge number of edible plants, like potato, tomato, eggplant as well as other members of the nightshades. Small, round Physalis is in fact a stockroom of several health promoting nutrients, minerals and vitamins.
12) Square Watermelon
So where did the idea come from and why on earth would anyone think of a watermelon grown square? The idea of growing square watermelons began in Japan. Japanese farmers needed to find a way to work out the issue of traditionally round watermelons being too awkward by rolling around or taking up too much space in the refrigerator. After playing around with different ideas, they finally came up with one that worked—a watermelon grown square!
So how did they get the square shaped fruits to grow this way? Simple. The square watermelons are grown in glass boxes, which encourage the cubed shape. To solve the issue of having them too big, growers remove the fruit from the container once it reaches about 19 square centimeters. Then they simply package and ship them off for sale. Unfortunately, these unique square shape fruits can be a bit pricey at about $82 USD.
13) Puhala tree seed pod
The odd looking fruit is a major source of food in Micronesia, especially in the atolls. The tree’s leaves are often used as flavoring for sweet dishes, and are also said to have medicinal properties,the oil to cure headaches and the flowers to cure constipation